Established : 1958
Headquarter : London, United Kingdom
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) Is a specialized agency of the United Nations, IMO is the global standard-setting authority for the safety, security and environmental performance of international shipping. Its main role is to create a regulatory framework for the shipping industry that is fair and effective, universally adopted and universally implemented.
In 1948 an international conference in Geneva adopted a convention formally establishing IMO. The IMO Convention entered into force in 1958. Headquartered in London, United Kingdom. IMO currently has 172 Member States and three Associate Members. India has been one of the earliest members of the IMO, having ratified its Convention and joined it as a member-state in the year 1959.
The Assembly is IMO’s the highest governing body. It is responsible for approving the work programme and budget; and electing the IMO Council. The Assembly consists of all IMO Member States and meets once every two years.
The Council is the executive organ of IMO and is responsible under the Assembly for supervising the work of the Organization. The Council is made up of 40 Member States elected by the Assembly for two-year terms.