Government of India has submitted two nomination namely ‘Dholavira: A Harappan City’ and ‘Monuments and Forts of Deccan Sultanate’ for inclusion in the World Heritage List for the year 2020.
Dholavira: A Harappan City
The City of Dholavira located in Khadir island of the Rann of Kutchch belonged to matured Harappan phase. Dholavira show large scale use of dressed stone in construction. Few rooms have been found to have been built of dressed stone and in some cases show segments of highly polished stone pillars of square or circular section having a central hole. Water conservation of Dholavira speaks volume of the ingenuity of the people who developed a system based on rainwater harvesting to support life in a parched landscape, with scanty sweet water. The most imposing well was located in the castle and is possibly the earliest example of a rock cut well.No one theory can explain the eventual abandonment of Dholavira.