8th July 2021 marks as the 79th anniversary of Quit India movement. On 8th July 1942, father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi gave the call of Do or Die to all Indians to drive away Britishers from the country. The Quit India Movement also known as the August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British rule in India. The movement had begun from Gawalia Tank in Mumbai.
Sources : PIB
The Madras Legislative Council in Chennai celebrated platinum jubilee on 2nd July 2021. The history of the Madras Legislative Council, as you know, dates back to 1861. An advisory body set up back then bloomed into a law-making assembly in 1921.
About Tamil Nadu Legislative Council
Tamil Nadu Legislative Council was the upper house of the former bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It began its existence as Madras Legislative Council, the first provincial legislature for Madras Presidency. It was initially created as an advisory body in 1861, by the British colonial government. It was established by the first Indian Council Act of 1861, enacted in the British parliament. The Council became a unicameral legislative body in 1921 and eventually the upper chamber of a bicameral legislature in 1937. After India became independent in 1947, it continued to be the upper chamber of the legislature of Madras State, one of the successor states to the Madras Presidency. The Council was abolished by the M. G. Ramachandran administration on 1 November 1986.
Sources : PIB
Dholavira has been inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage list. The site was on the UNESCO’s tentative list since 2014. Dholavira: a Harappan city, is one of the very few well preserved urban settlements in South Asia dating from the 3000 to mid-2000 BCE.
About the Harappan city of Dholavira
Dholavira: a Harappan city, is one of the very few well preserved urban settlements in South Asia dating from the 3rd to mid-2nd millennium BCE. Dholavira not only witnesses the entire trajectory of the rise and fall of this early civilization of humankind, but also demonstrates its multifaceted achievements in terms of urban planning, construction techniques, water management, social governance and development, art, manufacturing, trading, and belief system.
Sources : PIB
India’s nomination of Rudreswara Temple(Ramappa Temple) in the state of Telangana has been inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage list. The decision was taken at the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO on 25th July 2021.
The Rudreswara temple was constructed in 1213 AD during the reign of the Kakatiya Empire by RecharlaRudra, a general of Kakatiya king Ganapati Deva. The presiding deity here is RamalingeswaraSwamy. It is also known as the Ramappa temple, after the sculptor who executed the work in the temple for 40 years.
The temple complexes of Kakatiyas have a distinct style, technology and decoration exhibiting the influence of the Kakatiyan sculptor. European merchants and travelers were mesmerized by the beauty of the temple and one such traveler had remarked that the temple was the "brightest star in the galaxy of medieval temples of the Deccan".
Sources : PIB
Some villages in Nagaland are trying to revive a traditional form of punishment that seeks to check crime with an itch in time. Social offenders or violators of Naga customary laws have over the ages dreaded a cramped, triangular cage made from the logs of an indigenous tree that irritates the skin. Such itchy cages are referred to as khujli ghar in Nagamese. The cage is made of the logs of Masang-fung, a local tree that people avoid because of the irritation it causes.
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi inaugurated ‘Chauri Chaura’ Centenary Celebrations at Chauri Chaura, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh on 04.02.2021 through video conference. The day marks 100 years of the ‘Chauri Chaura’ incident, a landmark event in the country’s fight for independence. The Prime Minister also released a postal stamp dedicated to the Chauri Chaura centenary event.
About Chauri Chaura Incident
On February 4, 1922, a large group of nationalist volunteers had gathered on the streets of a small, obscure hamlet in the Gorakhpur district of the United Provinces. More than a year had passed since Mahatma Gandhi had launched the non-cooperation movement with the aim of attaining ‘Purna Swaraj’ (full independence). The volunteers marched through the streets shouting slogans of Gandhi and the Khilafat. Soon they walked into the police. Sticks and stones were thrown from one end in return for bullets from the other. As the crowd grew larger and fiercer, the cops retreated inside the police station. The protestors doused the building in kerosene and set it on fire. Twenty-three policemen perished. A total of 228 people were brought to trial in the incident, out of which 19 were sentenced to death. Due to voilence erupted in Chauri chaura incident Mahatma Gandhi withdrawn non-cooperation movement.
Prime minister of India Celebrating the 125th anniversary of ‘Prabuddha Bharata’. Prabuddha Bharata a monthly journal of the Ramakrishna Order, started by Swami Vivekananda in 1896.
About 'Prabuddha Bharata’
The journal ‘Prabuddha Bharata’ has been an important medium for spreading the message of India’s ancient spiritual wisdom. Its publication was started from Chennai , where it continued to be published for two years, after which it was published from Almora. Later, in April 1899, the place of publication of the Journal was shifted to Advaita Ashrama(Belur Matt, Kolkata) and it has been continuously published from there since then. Some of the greatest personalities have left their imprint on the pages of ‘Prabuddha Bharata’ through their writings on Indian culture, spirituality, philosophy, history, psychology, art, and other social issues.
Sources : PIB
One of India’s most celebrated freedom fighters, Lala Lajpat Rai also known as ‘Punjab Kesari’, played an important role in the Independence movement. He was born on 28th January 1865 marks the 156th birth anniversary of the great leader.
Union Ministry of Sports recently inducted four indigenous martial art forms Kalaripayattu of Kerala, Mallakhamb of Central India, Gatka of Punjab and Thang-ta of Manipur into the Khelo India Youth Games (KIYG).
Kalaripayattu, also known simply as Kalari, is an Indian martial art that originated in modern-day Kerala, a state on the southwestern coast of India.
Mallakhamb is a traditional sport, originating from the Indian subcontinent, in which a gymnast performs aerial yoga.
Gatka is a style of fighting with wooden sticks that originated in Punjab in the 15th Century. Originally called Shastar Vidya, it began as a means to defend righteousness and is considered both a spiritual and physical practice.
Thang Ta is the traditional martial art of Manipur in Northeast India. It integrates various external weapons - the sword, spear, dagger, etc.
Sources : The Hindu